The universal principle of opposites has had a long and inglorious history in the West, but in the East it has one that stretches as far back as the 6th Century BC. The reason we know that is because of Laozi who argued his summission in a manuscript called the Tao Te Ching.
Still pretty much available now as then, but it is much read tome and there is a large number of well known and widely supported interpretations, interpretations of interpretations and re-interpretations available, each one offering the same unassuming wisdom in the own inimitable way.
As is common with many Chinese philosophers, Laozi often explain the wisdom of the oracle by way of paradox and analogy, repetition and symmetry, rhyme, and rhythm, and its perspective more an exercise in point in view, rather than being prescriptive, descriptive, or dogmatic in any kind of way.
From a conscious perspective the Book of Change is a fundumental discussion of what bridges the gap between the harmony of Dao, and the reality of Tao.
The most well known expression of the wisdom of the I Ching is probably the Tai Chi. With its curved black and white halves that represent the Yin and Yang of the Tao Te Ching, and the inverted dots that mirror old Yin, and old Yang, but the full progression as illustated in the I Ching is based on much the same principle as represented by the the Tai Chi.
By noting the fall of the toss of two coins and a question in mind, and repeating the process six times to construct a hexagram, the Oracle may be quieried and the question is answered through the interpretation of random result.
Part science, part ritual, part chance, part flow, part magic, part belief, the I Ching has been in use ever since Lao Tsu cast his first yarrow to destiny, all those thousands of years ago.
Based on the two most basic forces in nature, chaos and order, the I Ching is a reminder that we are but a part of a bigger whole, that reason is intrinsic to meaning, destiny inherent to the whole, and reality but an expression of the Dao.
Neither science, nor magic, the Tao is an interpretation of that reality, a awareness that flows from a deeply humble and highly respected understanding of the universe, and the role that we have in its unfolding nature around us every day. The perception of a conscious perspective I guess.